What is the output of aerobic metabolism?

In aerobic conditions, the process converts one molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvate (pyruvic acid), generating energy in the form of two net molecules of ATP.

What does aerobic metabolism produce?

The only byproducts of the process of aerobic metabolism of carbohydrates are carbon dioxide and water. Your body disposes of these by breathing, sweating, and urinating. Compared with anaerobic metabolism, which produces lactic acid as well, the byproducts of aerobic metabolism are easier to remove from the body.

What is the end product of anaerobic metabolism?

The end products of anaerobic respiration are Lactic acid or ethanol and ATP molecules. Anaerobic respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen and is seen in lower animals. During the process of Anaerobic Respiration in prokaryotes, there is a breakdown of glucose to produce energy for cellular activities.

How 36 ATP is produced?

Electron transport system captures the energy of electrons to make ATP. … Total ATP production from aerobic respiration: 36 ATPs for each glucose that enters glycolysis (2 from glycolysis, 2 from citric acid cycle, 32 from ETP).

What are the end products of aerobic glucose metabolism?

Under aerobic conditions, pyruvate is assigned as the end-product of the pathway, while under anaerobic conditions, lactate is the end product. According to this classic concept, NAD+, an absolutely necessary coenzyme that assures the cyclical nature of glycolysis, cannot be regenerated under aerobic conditions.

What are the three pathways of aerobic metabolism?

While the process can seem complex, this page takes you through the key elements of each part of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is a collection of three unique metabolic pathways: glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and the electron transport chain.

How long does aerobic metabolism last?

All activities activate each energy system to some degree, depending on exercise intensity and duration. During maximal efforts, the anaerobic (lactic) system lasts from 45 seconds to 2 minutes, after which all further exercise would be aerobic.

What are the 3 phases of anaerobic metabolism?

Making ATP Without Oxygen

This process occurs in three stages: glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport. The latter two stages require oxygen, making cellular respiration anaerobic process.

What causes anaerobic metabolism?

Anaerobic metabolism at the cellular level occurs when oxygen transport and tissue oxygenation are compromised. This can be a result of hypoxemia, anemia, inadequate systemic blood flow, or a combination of these factors.

What is the final product of aerobic respiration?

As you can see here from the equation, the final products are carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) . During the process, glucose (C6H12O6) is converted into ATP , the energy-carrying molecule, through a few steps, such as glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain.

How are 32 ATP produced?

In a eukaryotic cell, the process of cellular respiration can metabolize one molecule of glucose into 30 to 32 ATP. The process of glycolysis only produces two ATP, while all the rest are produced during the electron transport chain. The NADH generated from glycolysis cannot easily enter mitochondria. …

Why is ATP 38 or 36?

Calculations giving 36-38 ATP per glucose are based on the assumption that oxidation of NADH produces 3 ATP and oxidation of UQH2 (FADH2, Succinate) produces 2 ATP. … They translocate protons outward across the inner mitochondrial membrane, and the resulting proton gradient is used by the ATP synthase to produce ATP.

Why do eukaryotes only produce 36 ATP?

Why do eukaryotes generate only about 36 ATP per glucose in aerobic respiration but prokaryotes may generate about 38 ATP? A) eukaryotes have a less efficient electron transport system. … eukaryotes do not transport as much hydrogen across the mitochondrial membrane as prokaryotes do across the cytoplasmic membrane.

Where does aerobic metabolism occur?

Two different pathways are involved in the metabolism of glucose: one anaerobic and one aerobic. The anaerobic process occurs in the cytoplasm and is only moderately efficient. The aerobic cycle takes place in the mitochondria and is results in the greatest release of energy.

Does aerobic exercise break down glucose?

In such exercise, oxygen is used to “burn” fats and glucose in order to produce adenosine triphosphate, the basic energy carrier for all cells. Initially during aerobic exercise, glycogen is broken down to produce glucose, but in its absence, fat metabolism is initiated instead.

Is mitochondria aerobic or anaerobic?

Once acetyl-CoA is formed, aerobic or anaerobic respiration can occur. When oxygen is present, the mitochondria will undergo aerobic respiration which leads to the Krebs cycle. However, if oxygen is not present, fermentation of the pyruvate molecule will occur.