A comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function. Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep your body’s fluids in balance.
What tests are included in a basic metabolic panel?
This panel measures the blood levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), calcium, carbon dioxide, chloride, creatinine, glucose, potassium, and sodium. You may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 10 to 12 hours before you have this blood test.
What does an abnormal metabolic panel mean?
Abnormal results for a basic metabolic panel. Abnormal test results may indicate a serious medical condition, such as kidney disease, diabetes, or lung disease.
Why is a basic metabolic panel ordered?
The basic metabolic panel (BMP) may be used to check the health of your kidneys, the status of your electrolyte and acid/base balance, as well as your blood glucose level – all of which are related to your body’s metabolism.
Is fasting required for a basic metabolic panel?
Basic or comprehensive metabolic tests: Tests for blood sugar, electrolyte balance, and kidney function. Typically, people will be asked to fast for 10 to 12 hours before having one of these tests.
What is included in a metabolic panel?
This panel measures the blood levels of albumin, blood urea nitrogen, calcium, carbon dioxide, chloride, creatinine, glucose, potassium, sodium, total bilirubin and protein, and liver enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and aspartate aminotransferase).
What blood tests show liver and kidney function?
The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body’s fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys and liver are working.
Does basic metabolic panel test liver function?
The CMP typically includes 14 tests. The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a subset of the CMP and usually includes 8 tests. It does not include the liver tests (ALP, ALT, AST, and bilirubin) and protein tests (albumin and total protein).
What happens if you don’t fast before a blood test?
What happens if I don’t fast before a blood test? If you don’t fast before a test that requires it, the results may not be accurate. If you forget and eat or drink something, call your doctor or lab and ask if the test can still be done. They can then tell you if you need to reschedule your test.
What should you not do before a blood test?
If your health care provider has told you to fast before a blood test, it means you should not eat or drink anything, except water, for several hours before your test. When you eat and drink normally, those foods and beverages are absorbed into your bloodstream.
What can show up on a blood test?
Blood tests can be used for many different things, including to check cholesterol and blood glucose levels. These help monitor your risk of heart and circulatory diseases and diabetes, or how your condition is being managed. Tests for different chemicals and proteins can indicate how your liver or kidneys are working.
What does a BMP blood test show?
The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body’s fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys are working.
Can you brush your teeth when fasting for blood test?
Fasting means that, with the exception of water, you refrain from eating or drinking for a minimum of 8 hours (10 to 12 hours is preferable) prior to the test. This means no coffee or tea beforehand, but taking your vitamins or medications is okay. Brushing your teeth or using mouthwash won’t influence the test.
Does coffee affect blood tests?
Even if you drink it black, coffee can interfere with blood test results. That’s because it contains caffeine and soluble plant matter, which might skew your test results. Coffee is also a diuretic, which means that it will increase how much you pee. This can have a dehydrating effect.
How often should you get a comprehensive metabolic panel?
Most people get a CMP as part of their yearly checkup. The doctor might also want one to check you for problems, keep track of any chronic conditions you have, or make sure certain medications aren’t hurting your liver or kidneys.