There could be number of other factors such as social and physical determinants that could cause overweight and obesity. Social factors could involve stress that could be financial or a stress from trauma, lack of sleep, marriage problems, and lack of education regarding health or types of food choices.
The rise of childhood obesity
The higher rate of severe obesity in preschool-aged children aligns with race and ethnicity, and several social determinants of health , including: Lower educational attainment in a caregiver, Living in a single-parent household. And living below the poverty line.
Examples of SDOH include:
- Safe housing, transportation, and neighborhoods.
- Racism, discrimination, and violence.
- Education, job opportunities, and income.
- Access to nutritious foods and physical activity opportunities.
- Polluted air and water.
- Language and literacy skills.
Social determinants of health such as poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are underlying, contributing factors of health inequities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is committed to achieving improvements in people’s lives by reducing health inequities.
Is obesity a determinant of health?
Children and adolescents who are overweight or obese are at increased risk for developing diabetes and heart disease; they are also likely to stay overweight or obese into adulthood, placing them at increased risk for serious chronic diseases.
The High Cost of Excess Weight
No less real are the social and emotional effects of obesity, including discrimination, lower wages, lower quality of life and a likely susceptibility to depression. Read more: health risks and why being overweight does not decrease mortality.
What are the biological factors of obesity?
Science shows that genetics plays a role in obesity. Genes can directly cause obesity in specific disorders such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome. However genes do not always predict future health. Genes and behavior may both be needed for a person to be overweight.
The World Health Organization has identified 10 social determinants of health:
- the social gradient.
- early life.
- social exclusion.
- social support.
In 2003, the World Health Organization Europe suggested that the social determinants of health included socioeconomic position, early life, social exclusion, work, unemployment, social support, addiction, food and transportation (Wilkinson & Marmot eds.
The Public Health Agency of Canada has identified 12 determinants of health as follows:
- Income and social status.
- Social support networks.
- Education and literacy.
- Employment/working conditions.
- Social environments.
- Physical environments.
- Personal health practices and coping skills.
- Healthy child development.
How can we fix Social determinants of health?
Healthcare experts are turning to housing security, food access, and transportation interventions to address social determinants of health.
- Working to address food security.
- Creating affordable housing.
- Driving care access through medical transportation.
What are the 4 determinants of health?
Determinants of health may be biological, behavioral, sociocultural, economic, and ecological. Broadly, the determinants of health can be divided into four, core categories: nutrition, lifestyle, environment, and genetics, which are like four pillars of the foundation.
What are examples of determinants of health?
Examples of physical determinants include:
- Natural environment, such as plants, weather, or climate change.
- Built environment, such as buildings or transportation.
- Worksites, schools, and recreational settings.
- Housing, homes, and neighborhoods.
- Exposure to toxic substances and other physical hazards.
Why is obesity increasing?
The simple explanation for the global rise in obesity is that people are eating more high-calorie, high-fat foods and are less physically active. Highly processed foods — with added sugar, salt, and artificial ingredients — are often cheaper, easier to ship, and have a longer shelf life than fresh foods.
What makes someone obese?
Obesity is a medical condition that occurs when a person carries excess weight or body fat that might affect their health. A doctor will usually suggest that a person has obesity if they have a high body mass index.
What is obesity explain in brief?
Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.