BMI (kg/m2) is an indicator of weight-for-height. It is used internationally in public health and nutrition surveys to monitor weight status, specifically overweight and obesity. At the extremes of heaviness, BMI is probably a reasonable indicator of fatness in the general population.
What component of fitness is BMI?
The body mass index (BMI) is the accepted tool for screening weight status. Although focus is largely on overweight and obesity, low BMIs are used to screen underweight or thinness (1–3). BMI is also included as a component of health-related physical fitness (4–6).
Is BMI a health status?
BMI is a useful indicator of health at the population level. However, the distribution of fat on your body is more important that the amount, when assessing your disease risk.
Health-related components of Physical Fitness. There are five components of physical fitness: (1) body composition, (2) flexibility, (3) muscular strength, (4) muscular endurance, and (5) cardiorespiratory endurance.
Why BMI is not a good measure of health?
BMI is a simple indicator of weight for height and can’t differentiate between muscle mass and fat mass. So BMI tends to overestimate the health risk for adults with a high muscle mass, such as some athletes, and underestimate the risk for adults with a low muscle mass, as can occur with sedentary lifestyles.
What is the purpose of BMI?
BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems. This calculator provides BMI and the corresponding weight category.
What factors influence BMI?
Factors such as age, sex, ethnicity, and muscle mass can influence the relationship between BMI and body fat. Also, BMI does not distinguish between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass, nor does it provide any indication of the distribution of fat among individuals.
Does age affect your BMI?
Share on Pinterest BMI incorporates height and weight but not body composition, fitness, age, or sex. For adults ages 20 years and older, BMI incorporates weight and height, but it does not take age or sex into account.
What is a good BMI?
For most adults, an ideal BMI is in the 18.5 to 24.9 range. For children and young people aged 2 to 18, the BMI calculation takes into account age and gender as well as height and weight. If your BMI is: below 18.5 – you’re in the underweight range.
What happens if your BMI is too low?
Weighing too little can contribute to a weakened immune system, fragile bones and feeling tired. You can check if you’re underweight by using our BMI healthy weight calculator, which shows your body mass index (BMI). If your BMI is below 18.5, this suggests that your weight may be too low.
What are the 5 components of health and wellness?
There are five main aspects of personal health: physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual.
5 Components of Physical Fitness
- Cardiovascular Endurance.
- Muscular Strength.
- Muscular endurance.
- Body Composition.
What are the 12 components of physical fitness?
Titles Included:The Components of Physical FitAgilityCardio-Vascular EnduranceCo-ordinationFlexibilityMuscular EndurancePowerReaction TimeSpeedStrengthЕщё 1 строка
Are there any problems with using BMI as an indicator of health?
But in recent years, more researchers argue that it’s not the most accurate way to measure body weight. For years, scientists have said that BMI can’t distinguish between fat and muscle, which tends to be heavier and can tip more toned individuals into overweight status, even if their fat levels are low.
What is more accurate than BMI?
Waist-to-height ratio more accurate than BMI in identifying obesity, new study shows. Summary: Calculating a person’s waist-to-height ratio is the most accurate and efficient way of identifying whether or not they are at risk of obesity in clinical practice, a new study shows.
What should you measure instead of BMI to get a good idea of your health?
Better than BMI: 4 ways to track your health besides the scale
- Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) The cousin of the BMI, waist-to-height ratio compares — you guessed it — waist circumference to height, rather than overall weight to height squared. …
- Measurements. …
- Resting heart rate (RHR) …
- Skinfold Calipers.