Poverty rates and obesity were reviewed across 3,139 counties in the U.S. (2,6). In contrast to international trends, people in America who live in the most poverty-dense counties are those most prone to obesity (Fig. 1A). Counties with poverty rates of >35% have obesity rates 145% greater than wealthy counties.
How does poverty cause obesity?
How is poverty linked to obesity? It has been suggested that individuals who live in impoverished regions have poor access to fresh food. Poverty-dense areas are oftentimes called “food deserts,” implying diminished access to fresh food (7).
Although higher income inequality was associated with lower obesity rates, a higher percentage of poverty was associated with higher obesity rates. A higher percentage of Hispanic population was associated with lower obesity rates.
How does poverty affect childhood obesity?
Low income children and adolescents are more likely to be obese than their higher income counterparts, but the relationship is not consistent across race and ethnicity groups. Most obese children and adolescents are not low income (below 130% of the poverty level).
The poorest areas of the country are also the sickest and have the highest rates of obesity, diabetes, and premature death. These people are dying younger, and life expectancy is plummeting in the poorest states. These states also happen to be the fattest.
What causes obesity?
Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
How does poverty contribute to disease?
Overcrowded and poor living conditions can contribute to the spread of airborne diseases such as tuberculosis and respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Reliance on open fires or traditional stoves can lead to deadly indoor air pollution. A lack of food, clean water and sanitation can also be fatal.
What is the poverty obesity paradox?
The paradox is that with rising food insecurity there is a rising obesity. While all segments of the population are affected by obesity, low-income and food insecure people are especially vulnerable. Factors that link low income groups to obesity include:- Lack of awareness of nutritious foods.
How does obesity affect the community?
The High Cost of Excess Weight
No less real are the social and emotional effects of obesity, including discrimination, lower wages, lower quality of life and a likely susceptibility to depression. Read more: health risks and why being overweight does not decrease mortality.
How do we prevent obesity?
Obesity prevention for adults
- Consume less “bad” fat and more “good” fat.
- Consume less processed and sugary foods.
- Eat more servings of vegetables and fruits. …
- Eat plenty of dietary fiber.
- Focus on eating low–glycemic index foods. …
- Get the family involved in your journey. …
- Engage in regular aerobic activity.
Do low income families eat unhealthy?
Low income is associated with a poor quality dietary intake [1, 2]. Compared to those with higher income, lower income individuals consume fewer fruits and vegetables, more sugar-sweetened beverages and have lower overall diet quality [1, 2].
Is obesity a socioeconomic issue?
The relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status differs by sex and race and ethnicity group. … Although the prevalence of obesity among women with income below 130% of the poverty level is higher than among those with higher incomes, most obese women do not have incomes below 130% of the poverty level.
Are there more fast food restaurants in low income neighborhoods?
Residents of the lowest-income neighborhoods had 2.5 times more exposure to fast-food restaurants than those living in the most affluent neighborhoods. The current study was an assessment of whether black and low-income neighborhoods have increased geographic exposure to fast food restaurants.
Is obesity higher in low income families?
Meta-analyses revealed that lower income is associated with subsequent obesity (OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.47; risk ratio 1.52, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.13), though the statistical significance vanished once adjusted for publication bias.
Do food deserts cause obesity?
Living in a food desert has been linked to a poor diet  and greater risk of obesity [8,9]; while people who live near a grocery store are more likely to consume fruits and vegetables and less likely to be obese [6,10].
How does education affect obesity?
The positive effect of education on obesity can summarily be attributed to greater access to health-related information and improved ability to handle such information by the educated, clearer perception of the risks associated with lifestyle choices and improved self-control and consistency of preferences over time.