The BMI was introduced in the early 19th century by a Belgian named Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet. He was a mathematician, not a physician. He produced the formula to give a quick and easy way to measure the degree of obesity of the general population to assist the government in allocating resources.
Are BMI charts realistic?
BMI (body mass index), which is based on the height and weight of a person, is an inaccurate measure of body fat content and does not take into account muscle mass, bone density, overall body composition, and racial and sex differences, say researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.
When did BMI standards change?
In 1998, the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention brought U.S. definitions in line with World Health Organization guidelines, lowering the normal/overweight cut-off from BMI 27.8 to BMI 25.
Who is BMI most accurate for?
For most people, BMI provides a “reasonable measure” of body fat, but is not accurate for athletes (who weigh more because of muscle) or older people who have lost height, he said. Other methods of measuring body fat also have their pros and cons.
Who Discovered Obesity?
A strain of mice called obese, or ob, was first discovered in 1950 by researchers at The Jackson Laboratory.
Why is my BMI high when I’m not fat?
Muscle mass can make you heavier and increase your BMI.
Because muscles are more dense and heavier than fat, bodybuilders and other professional athletes like football players are often considered obese or overweight based on their BMI alone. If you have high muscle composition, you’re probably not overweight or obese.
What weight do I need to be to have a BMI of 25?
Charts and online calculators
4 in. tall is considered overweight (BMI is 25 to 29) if she weighs between about 145 and 169 pounds. She is considered obese (BMI is 30 or more) if she is closer to 174 pounds or more. A man who is 5 ft.
WHO BMI ranges?
For example, an adult who weighs 70 kg and whose height is 1.75 m will have a BMI of 22.9.
Table 1. Nutritional status.BMINutritional statusBelow 18.5Underweight18.5–24.9Normal weight25.0–29.9Pre-obesity30.0–34.9Obesity class IЕщё 2 строки
Why do doctors still use BMI?
Body Mass Index Is a Good Gauge of Body Fat
The most basic definition of overweight and obesity is having too much body fat-so much so that it “presents a risk to health.” (1) A reliable way to determine whether a person has too much body fat is to calculate the ratio of their weight to their height squared.
Should I trust BMI?
Research shows that having a healthy BMI can reduce your risk of serious health problems, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke and some cancers. But not all people with a BMI in this range have a lower risk. Other factors such as smoking, high blood cholesterol or high blood pressure will increase your risk.
What is my ideal weight and BMI?
Weight: Your BMI is , indicating your weight is in the category for adults of your height. For your height, a normal weight range would be from to pounds.
Adult BMI Calculator.BMIWeight StatusBelow 18.5Underweight18.5—24.9Normal25.0—29.9Overweight30.0 and AboveObese
What are the disadvantages of BMI?
Disadvantages of BMI
BMI is a simple mathematical formula that measures body fat based on your height and weight. It does not take into account the source of the weight – whether it is from lean tissue or fat. BMI does not distinguish between the type of fat one carries – whether it is subcutaneous or visceral fat.
What is the best BMI for a woman?
Doctors consider a healthy BMI for women to be 18.5–24.9. A BMI of 30 or above may indicate obesity. BMI measurements can help someone understand whether they have underweight or overweight.
Can obesity be cured?
Experts: Obesity Is Biologically ‘Stamped In,’ Diet and Exercise Won’t Cure It. New research into the biological mechanisms of obesity suggests eating less and exercising more aren’t enough for people with long-term weight problems.
How did obesity begin?
Obesity often begins in childhood and is linked to psychological problems, asthma, diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors in childhood. Because many obese children grow up to become obese adults, childhood obesity is strongly linked to mortality and morbidity in adulthood (Reilly et al., 2003).
What are five causes of obesity?
9 Most common causes of obesity
- Physical inactivity. …
- Overeating. …
- Genetics. …
- A diet high in simple carbohydrates. …
- Frequency of eating. …
- Medications. …
- Psychological factors. …
- Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.