Obesity is a significant risk factor for and contributor to increased morbidity and mortality, most importantly from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes, but also from cancer and chronic diseases, including osteoarthritis, liver and kidney disease, sleep apnea, and depression.
What diseases are associated with obesity?
Consequences of Obesity
- All-causes of death (mortality)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Coronary heart disease.
- Gallbladder disease.
- Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
What chronic diseases does obesity cause?
Some of the many chronic conditions and diseases associated with obesity include:
- insulin resistance.
- high blood pressure.
- cardiovascular disease.
- some cancers including breast, endometrial and colon cancer.
- type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus)
- gall bladder disease.
31 мая 2014 г.
Which of the following is a cause of obesity?
Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
What are five causes of obesity?
What causes obesity & overweight?
- Food and Activity. People gain weight when they eat more calories than they burn through activity. …
- Environment. The world around us influences our ability to maintain a healthy weight. …
- Genetics. …
- Health Conditions and Medications. …
- Stress, Emotional Factors, and Poor Sleep.
What is obesity What are its causes and risk factors?
Obesity can develop over time when you take in more calories than you use. This calorie imbalance causes your body to store fat. 1 The number of calories can affect your weight gain, but research shows that other factors can determine how your body uses those calories—and, therefore, the amount of weight you gain.
Can obesity be cured?
Experts: Obesity Is Biologically ‘Stamped In,’ Diet and Exercise Won’t Cure It. New research into the biological mechanisms of obesity suggests eating less and exercising more aren’t enough for people with long-term weight problems.
Who does obesity affect most?
More than 35% of U.S. adults are obese,1 and more than 34% are overweight. Obesity affects 17% of all children and adolescents in the United States, which is three times the prevalence from just one generation ago. Nearly 32% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese.
How does obesity impact the family?
Consequences of childhood obesity
Childhood obesity can profoundly affect children’s physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self esteem. It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child.
What is obesity short answer?
ANSWER. Obesity means you have too much body fat. It’s usually based on your body mass index (BMI), which you can check using a BMI calculator. BMI compares your weight to your height. If your BMI is 25 to 29.9, you’re overweight but not obese.
What can prevent obesity?
Obesity prevention for adults
- Consume less “bad” fat and more “good” fat.
- Consume less processed and sugary foods.
- Eat more servings of vegetables and fruits. …
- Eat plenty of dietary fiber.
- Focus on eating low–glycemic index foods. …
- Get the family involved in your journey. …
- Engage in regular aerobic activity.
What are the types of obesity?
Overweight (not obese), if BMI is 25.0 to 29.9. Class 1 (low-risk) obesity, if BMI is 30.0 to 34.9. Class 2 (moderate-risk) obesity, if BMI is 35.0 to 39.9. Class 3 (high-risk) obesity, if BMI is equal to or greater than 40.0.8 мая 2019 г.
What is the number 1 cause of obesity?
Therefore, the most common causes of obesity are overeating and physical inactivity. Ultimately, body weight is the result of genetics, metabolism, environment, behavior, and culture. Physical inactivity. Sedentary people burn fewer calories than people who are active.
What are three ways you can prevent obesity?
- Exercise regularly. You need to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. …
- Follow a healthy-eating plan. …
- Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. …
- Monitor your weight regularly. …
- Be consistent.
What is the overweight?
The terms “overweight” and “obesity” refer to body weight that is greater than what is considered normal or healthy for a certain height. Overweight is generally due to extra body fat. However, overweight may also be due to extra muscle, bone, or water. People who have obesity usually have too much body fat.