What causes metabolic bone disease in reptiles?

Metabolic bone disease usually develops when dietary levels of calcium or vitamin D are too low, phosphorous levels are too high, and/or when inadequate exposure to ultraviolet-B wavelengths of light hinders normal vitamin D production and calcium metabolism within a reptile’s body.

Can metabolic bone disease in reptiles be reversed?

Reptiles affected generally respond well to treatment, and a large proportion of patients see a reversal of many of the less severe symptoms and are able to make a solid recovery. For more extreme cases, complete reversal of symptoms is unlikely, but recovery may still be possible with veterinary intervention.

What causes metabolic bone disease in bearded dragons?

MBD is generally caused by feeding an improper diet that is high in phosphorus and low in calcium or Vitamin D3 (caused either by a direct nutritional deficiency of vitamin D3 or a lack of exposure to UV-B light required for lizards to make vitamin D in their skin).

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How do you prevent MBD in reptiles?

Prevention

  1. A diet balanced in calcium and phosphorus, protein, energy and other nutrients.
  2. Exposure to UVA/UVB invisible light rays.
  3. Proper heat gradients.
  4. Proper light/dark cycles.
  5. Adequate enclosure and/or room to exercise.

How do you prevent metabolic bone disease in bearded dragons?

Ensure your dragon is getting enough calcium by feeding it plenty of green leafy vegetables. Spring greens, lamb’s lettuce and Timothy Hay are particularly good sources. Avoid spinach, which can actually block the uptake of calcium.

Is metabolic bone disease painful?

In clinical terms, metabolic bone diseases may result in bone pain and loss of height (due to compression of vertebrae), and they predispose patients to fractures. Metabolic diseases of bone often affect bone density. For example, persons with osteoporosis experience a significant decrease in bone density.

What are the symptoms of metabolic bone disease?

Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:

  • Limping.
  • Bowed legs.
  • Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
  • Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
  • Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
  • Decreased appetite.

How is metabolic bone disease treated?

A balanced diet with adequate amounts of vitamin D and calcium and an adequate amount of physical activity are needed for normal bone metabolism. Your doctor may prescribe osteoporosis medications to help slow the rate of bone loss, and in some cases, to replace the lost bone structure.

Is metabolic bone disease reversible?

Treatment and Prognosis

Fortunately, if detected early enough, MBD can often be corrected and reversed through making changes and improvements to the husbandry of the animal by providing the needed or adequate levels of UV-A and UV-B lighting and heating, proper supplementation, and other nutrients.

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Why do Beardies shake?

Shaking. A bearded dragon that is shaking or moving in abnormal, jerky motions is exhibiting another sign of calcium or vitamin D deficiency. Not getting enough of these nutrients can lead to metabolic bone disease.

Can lizards recover from metabolic bone disease?

However, there is often some bone remodeling that occurs as the lizard regains use of the limbs. This may take quite some time to occur. Once an animal has recovered from MBD and its diet and husbandry have been appropriately corrected, it should be able to completely recover and live a long, healthy life.

What are Metabolic Bone Diseases?

Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.

What causes mbd in leopard geckos?

A leopard gecko with “metabolic bone disease” (MBD) from a total or relative calcium deficiency is the result of nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (NSHP). The most common clinical presentation is softened or “rubbery” bones where calcium has been removed in attempt to maintain blood concentrations.

Can my bearded dragon make me sick?

You can get sick from touching your bearded dragon or anything in its environment and then touching your mouth or face and swallowing Salmonella germs. Always wash hands thoroughly with soap and water right after touching or feeding your bearded dragon and after touching or cleaning the area where it lives and roams.

Why does my bearded dragon have a bump on his back?

Abscesses. Abscesses, occasionally seen in bearded dragons, often appear as hard tumor-like swellings anywhere on the pet’s body. An abscess is an infected swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus. Abscesses can occur in any reptile and often go unnoticed until they are large and obvious.

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How do you know if your bearded dragon is healthy?

Healthy bearded dragons will be active, keep their heads perked up if they are awake and will be very alert when someone approaches their tank. Their skin will be smooth, their eyes will be clear and they will maintain a fairly regular bathroom schedule.

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