Obesity is associated with several endocrine diseases, including common ones such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovarian syndrome to rare ones such as Cushing’s syndrome, central hypothyroidism and hypothalamic disorders. The mechanisms for the development of obesity vary in according to the endocrine condition.
What is considered an endocrine disorder?
Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromegaly (overproduction of growth hormone), Addison’s disease (decreased production of hormones by the adrenal glands), Cushing’s syndrome (high cortisol levels for extended periods of time), Graves’ disease (type of hyperthyroidism resulting in excessive thyroid …
How does obesity affect the endocrine system?
Obesity can be associated with several endocrine alterations arising as a result of changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary hormones axes. These include hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, hypogonadism and growth hormone deficiency.
What type of disorder is obesity?
Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
What endocrine disorder causes weight gain?
Weight gain – Gaining weight can result from hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and other endocrine systems diseases and disorders. Cancers of the endocrine glands – When tumors grow within hormone-secreting glands, they can affect the production of hormones, making this type of cancer particularly complex to treat.
What is the most common endocrine system disease?
Stress, infection and changes in your blood’s fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes.
What 3 diseases can affect the endocrine system?
Common Endocrine Disorders
- Type 1 Diabetes.
- Type 2 Diabetes.
- Thyroid Cancer.
- Addison’s Disease.
- Cushing’s Syndrome.
- Graves’ Disease.
- Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.
Which hormone helps you lose weight?
Leptin, a related fat hormone, has been widely studied in recent years and has been shown in to produce weight loss in animals by decreasing appetite and increasing metabolism. Researchers say both fat hormones work through the same pathway in the brain to control body weight and blood sugar (glucose).
Which hormone is responsible for obesity?
Obesity and leptin
The hormone leptin is produced by fat cells and is secreted into our bloodstream. Leptin reduces a person’s appetite by acting on specific centres of their brain to reduce their urge to eat. It also seems to control how the body manages its store of body fat.
What is the female fat burning hormone?
Meet Leptin — A Hormone That Regulates Body Weight
Leptin’s primary target is in the brain — particularly an area called the hypothalamus. Leptin is supposed to tell your brain that — when you have enough fat stored — you don’t need to eat and can burn calories at a normal rate (4).
Can obesity be cured?
Experts: Obesity Is Biologically ‘Stamped In,’ Diet and Exercise Won’t Cure It. New research into the biological mechanisms of obesity suggests eating less and exercising more aren’t enough for people with long-term weight problems.
What are five causes of obesity?
9 Most common causes of obesity
- Physical inactivity. …
- Overeating. …
- Genetics. …
- A diet high in simple carbohydrates. …
- Frequency of eating. …
- Medications. …
- Psychological factors. …
- Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.
Can a disease make you fat?
Obesity is usually the result of overeating, but in a small percentage of people excess weight gain is a symptom of another disease. Medical causes of obesity can include: Hypothyroidism.
What are the symptoms of a failure of the endocrine system?
Symptoms include fatigue, stomach upset, dehydration, and skin changes. Addison’s disease is a type of adrenal insufficiency. Cushing’s disease.
When should someone see an endocrinologist?
When you are facing a diagnosis of a hormonal condition, like diabetes or thyroid disease, your doctor may suggest you see an endocrinologist. You may be wondering why you need to see a specialist instead of simply sticking with your primary doctor.
Can stress cause endocrine disorders?
Some of these stressful responses can lead to endocrine disorders like Graves’ disease, gonadal dysfunction, psychosexual dwarfism and obesity. Stress can also alter the clinical status of many preexisting endocrine disorders such as precipitation of adrenal crisis and thyroid storm.