Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.
What are the symptoms of metabolic bone disease?
Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:
- Bowed legs.
- Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
- Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
- Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
- Decreased appetite.
Can you cure metabolic bone disease?
More severe cases of MBD may require a short term prescription of oral doses of calicium glubionate or injections of calcium gluconate. Once blood calcium levels are sufficient, calcitonin may be administered to accelerate calcium deposition on the bone. Without treatment, patients with MBD rarely survive.
What is metabolic bone disease?
The common metabolic bone diseases (MBD) include osteoporosis, rickets/ osteomalacia, flurosis and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), while the rare MBDs include Paget’s disease, tumor induced osteomalacia, fibrous dysplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta and so on.
Is metabolic bone disease hereditary?
Many metabolic bone diseases have a genetic basis, which may be a germline single gene abnormality (i.e. a monogenic or Mendelian disorder), a somatic single gene defect (i.e. a post‐zygotic mosaic disorder), or involve several genetic variants (i.e. oligogenic or polygenic disorders).
Is metabolic bone disease painful?
In clinical terms, metabolic bone diseases may result in bone pain and loss of height (due to compression of vertebrae), and they predispose patients to fractures. Metabolic diseases of bone often affect bone density. For example, persons with osteoporosis experience a significant decrease in bone density.
How do you test for metabolic bone disease?
The diagnosis of MBD is usually made based upon a careful history, physical examination, radiographic (X-rays) examinations, appropriate lab tests, and bone biopsy if indicated.
Is MBD reversible?
MBD most commonly occurs in lizards and chelonians but can affect snakes too. If left untreated, it is usually fatal, either directly or indirectly. Catching MBD early is key to ensuring that the animal survives and that less permanent damage is done as many of the effects of MBD are non-reversible.
What kind of doctor treats bone diseases?
The orthopaedist (a doctor who specializes in bone and joint disorders) treats fractures and recommends surgical interventions such as rodding surgery. The orthopaedist plays an important role in the lives of children and adults who have OI.
Who is the best doctor for osteoporosis?
Medical specialists who treat osteoporosis
- Endocrinologists treat the endocrine system, which comprises the glands and hormones that help control the body’s metabolic activity. …
- Rheumatologists diagnose and treat diseases of the bones, joints, muscles and tendons, including arthritis and collagen diseases.
Can you rebuild bone density?
While you can never regain the bone density you had in your youth, you can help prevent rapidly thinning bones, even after your diagnosis.
What causes metabolic bone disease in hedgehogs?
Metabolic Bone Disease in hedgehogs is a crippling, agonising condition that eventually kills. It is caused by eating foods that are too high in phosphorus and too low in calcium. The worst foods are mealworms, sunflower hearts, peanuts and oats.
What vitamin helps with the absorption of calcium?
To absorb calcium, your body also needs vitamin D. A few foods naturally contain small amounts of vitamin D, such as canned salmon with bones and egg yolks. You can also get vitamin D from fortified foods and sun exposure.
What are the 3 major bone diseases?
Related Health Topics
- Bone Cancer.
- Bone Density.
- Bone Infections.
- Osteogenesis Imperfecta.
- Paget’s Disease of Bone.
Is osteoarthritis a metabolic bone disease?
Evidence from both epidemiological and biological studies support the concept of metabolic osteoarthritis, defined as a broad clinical phenotype that includes obesity-related osteoarthritis. Thus, osteoarthritis can be related to metabolic syndrome or to an accumulation of metabolic abnormalities.
How do I know if my chameleon has MBD?
Symptoms. MBD can be identified by a chameleon having bowed elbows, curved spine, improperly working jaw, or the inability to hold itself up. Anything that requires a strong bone for structure will be difficult to impossible for the chameleon to accomplish.